Creativity and Primary Process: A Study of Adaptive Regression

  • Robert R. Holt


Beginning with Freud (191lb, 1907a), but especially since Kris’ explorations of creative processes (Kris, 1952; also Pappenheim & Kris, 1946), psychoanalytic theorists have described relationships among creativity, primary process (Freud, 1900a), and a particular kind of ego control that permits adaptive use of primary process. The concept “regression in the service of the ego” (Kris, 1952; see also Schafer, 1958b) refers to a momentary and at least partially controlled use of primitive, nonlogical, and drive dominated modes of thinking in the early stages of the creative process. The present study is one of the degree to which characteristic individual modes of expression and control of primary process in the Rorschach test are related to the quality of productions created in a variety of experimental tasks.


Quality Score Primary Process Interrater Agreement Control Score Drive Expression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. Holt
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for Mental HealthNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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