Advertisement

Influence of Structural Defects on the Reactivity of Solids

  • H. Schmalzried

Abstract

The broader a topic, the more careful one must handle the concepts. Therefore, this lecture begins with a discussion of the two main concepts involved: (1) Reactivity and (2) Structural defects. Every chemist feels what reactivity is, but he usually hesitates to give a straight answer if he is asked for a quantitative formulation. However, a scientific concept in chemistry must be quantifiable. A tentative formulation can be: “Reactivity is the reaction rate of a system under normalised driving forces.“

Keywords

Phase Boundary Point Defect Solid State Reaction Dislocation Line Extended Defect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

  1. 1.
    H Schmalzried, Solid State Reactions, Academic Press, Inc., New York 1974Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Dieckmann, Ph.D. Thesis, Techn. University Clausthal, 1975Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R.T.P. Whipple, Phil. Mag. 45, 225 (1954)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Mimkes, M. Wuttig, Phys. Rev. B2, 1619 (1970)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P.L. Lin, unpublished, Inst. Theor. Metallurgy, Techn. University Clausthal, 1975Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Gabriel, H. Nägerl, Proceedings, Int. Conference on Defects in Semiconductors, Freiburg 1974Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. J. Yurek, H. Schmalzried, Ber. Bunsenges. phys. Chemie 79, 255 (1975)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Wagner, Z. phys. Chemie B21, 25 (1933)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. Schmalzried, Progr. Sol. State Chem. (H. Reiss, Editor) 2, p. 265, Pergamon Press, New York 1965Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L.A. Bursill, B.G. Hyde, Progr. Sol. State Chem. (H. Reiss, J.O. McCaldin, Editors) 7, p 177, Pergamon Press, New York 1972Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T.B. Massalski in Phase Transformations, Amer. Soc. for Metals p. 433, Metals Park, Ohio 1970Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. G. Sockel, H. Schmalzried in Mat. Science Res. 3, p 61 ( W.W. Kriegel, H. Palmour Editors), Plenum Press, New York 1966Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.J. Warde, J. Corrish, C.D. O’Briain, J. electrochem. Soc. 122, 1421 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Â.R. Ubbelohde, J. Chim. Phys., p. 33 (1966)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. Wehefritz, Ph. D. Thesis, University of Göttingen 1960Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Schmalzried
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Physical ChemistryTechnical UniversityHannoverWest-Germany

Personalised recommendations