The Aetiology of Dependency

  • Frank A. Seixas


First of all it must be recognized that it is not idle to say that human beings are part of one another. Interdependence is so great that almost every action — large or small — affects fellow beings in this world (human and animal) in a variety of ways, and the ripples of each action extend depending on position and others who take this same action — perhaps to infinity. So that dependency can be said to be part of the human state — the complete helplessness of the infant graduating to the seemingly total independence of self-motivated adults. Therefore, when looking for aberrancy, in this system, therefore one must look for aberrancy not in dependence, but in independency — what the Greeks would have called hubris — in this case the kind of self-swelling that denies interdependence. Two psychological theories of the genesis of alcoholism reflect this, the one of Howard Blane (1968) which focuses on the failure of our social scheme to provide outlets for dependency needs in males, and that of McClelland et al. (1972) which tells us of the reverse — the unfulfillable drive to personal power somehow short-circuited by alcohol.


Withdrawal Syndrome Blood Alcohol Level Alcoholic Anonymous Drinking Motor Chronic Ethanol Consumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Blane, H.T. (1968). The Personality of the Alcoholic: Guises of Dependency, Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  2. Gitlow, S. (1976). Unpublished conference paper.Google Scholar
  3. Goodwin, D.W., Schulsinger, F., Hermansen, L., Guze, S.B. and Winokur, G. (1973). “Alcohol Problems in Adoptees Raised Apart from Alcoholic Biological Parents”. Archives of General Psychiatry.Google Scholar
  4. Hasumuha, U., Teschke, R., and Leiber, C.S. (1975).Google Scholar
  5. ”Acetaldehyde Oxidation “by Hepatic Mitochondria: Its Decrease after Chronic Ethanol Consumption”. Science, 189, 727-729.Google Scholar
  6. LeBlanc, E. (1976). National Drug Abuse Conference, New York City.Google Scholar
  7. de Lint, J. (1974). “The Prevention of Alcoholism”. Preventive Medicine, 3, 24–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ludwig, A.M. (1974). “The Irresistible Urge and the Unquenchable Thirst for Alcohol”. Fourth Annual Alcoholism Conference of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 3-22.Google Scholar
  9. Macandrew, C. and Edgerton, R.B. (1969). Drunken Comportment, A Social Explanation, Aldine Publishing Co., Chicago.Google Scholar
  10. McClelmnd, D.C, Davis, W.N., Kalin, R. and Wanner, E. (1972). The Drinking Man, The Free Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Mello, N.K., Mendelson, J., and Solomon, P. (1968). “Small Group Drinking Behaviour, An Experimental Study of Chronic Alcoholics”. The Addictive States, Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease, XLVI, 399–430, Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank A. Seixas
    • 1
  1. 1.National Council on Alcoholism Inc.New YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations