First of all it must be recognized that it is not idle to say that human beings are part of one another. Interdependence is so great that almost every action — large or small — affects fellow beings in this world (human and animal) in a variety of ways, and the ripples of each action extend depending on position and others who take this same action — perhaps to infinity. So that dependency can be said to be part of the human state — the complete helplessness of the infant graduating to the seemingly total independence of self-motivated adults. Therefore, when looking for aberrancy, in this system, therefore one must look for aberrancy not in dependence, but in independency — what the Greeks would have called hubris — in this case the kind of self-swelling that denies interdependence. Two psychological theories of the genesis of alcoholism reflect this, the one of Howard Blane (1968) which focuses on the failure of our social scheme to provide outlets for dependency needs in males, and that of McClelland et al. (1972) which tells us of the reverse — the unfulfillable drive to personal power somehow short-circuited by alcohol.
KeywordsWithdrawal Syndrome Blood Alcohol Level Alcoholic Anonymous Drinking Motor Chronic Ethanol Consumption
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