A Psychiatric View of Substance Dependency
Admissions to psychiatric hospitals and units in England and Wales of patients with a primary or secondary diagnosis of alcoholism or alcoholic psychosis increased from 8,708 in 1970 to 12,258 in 1973. Daring 1974 drunkenness convictions for England and Wales rose to 97,857 — a level not reached since World War I, then government measures were taken to reduce the high amount of national alcohol consumption of that era, with its attendant problems. Over the four year period ending in 1974 the annual consumption of alcoholic beverages in the United Kingdom has increased in terms of absolute alcohol by 37% to 70.6 million gallons. There are issued in England and Wales approximately 18 million prescriptions a year for tranquillizers, costing around Σ10 million; these drugs are taken by about one woman in five and one male in ten. Since the early 1960’s there has been a world wide increase in the abuse of drugs. A United Nations commission on narcotics has reported that despite more effective law enforcement the incidence of drug dependency continues to rise in some countries (The Times, 1976).
KeywordsAlcoholic Beverage Substance Dependency Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Tobacco Dependency Dupuytren1s Disease
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