Classical and Instrumental Conditioning of Licking: A Review of Methodology and Data

  • Don R. Justesen


One night several years ago I was part of an audience that was being entertained by the comedian Shelley Berman. During the delivery of a monologue by which he was regaling the audience with an impression of a beleaguered child psychologist, Berman suddenly interjected a comment about experimental psychologists: “... you know, those people who study rats for reasons of their own!” I confess that the feelings he invoked in me then about the sometimes seemingly abstruse activities of my discipline were later aroused again by Doctors Weijnen and Mendelson when they asked me to write a chapter on the licking behaviors of rodents. Subsequently, after reading more than 300 papers on licking that have appeared in the biopsychological literature during the past 25 years, I came to realize that the seeming abstruseness of the subject matter actually lay in the eye of the beholding psychologist.


Conditional Stimulus Unconditional Stimulus Classical Conditioning Local Rate Instrumental Conditioning 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Don R. Justesen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratories of Experimental NeuropsychologyU.S. Veterans Administration HospitalKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryKansas University Medical CenterKansas CityUSA

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