Physiology and Pharmacology of the Central Nervous System

  • Williamina A. Himwich


The maturity of the neonatal animal of any species depends on its rate of development in utero. The young animal requires additional development and integration of behavior before reaching the adult state. The growth and development of the brain, including the attainment of the adult level of various chemical constituents as well as of metabolism, proceeds in generally the same fashion in all species of animals from the time of the appearance of the neural streak until maturity. The chronological relationship of this maturation to physiologic events, e.g., implantation, birth, opening of the eyes, varies in different species of animals. The problem of comparison and the difficulties of drawing generalizations from one species to another have been emphasized by many authors.(40,41) Among the mammalian species, the young at birth may be deemed either relatively mature (precocial), Such as lamb and guinea pig, or relatively immature, such as rat, mouse, and man (nonprecocial)


Premature Infant Newborn Infant Young Animal Ketone Body Human Infant 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Williamina A. Himwich
    • 1
  1. 1.Nebraska Psychiatric InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA

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