Formed Elements of Human Blood

  • Ronald G. Strauss
  • Alvin M. Mauer


The formed elements present in the blood of the human fetus and newborn differ in many respects from those found in older children and adults. Differences have been reported in the metabolism, functions, and cell concentrations in the bone marrow and circulating blood. Obviously, adult values cannot be used for reference when studying fetal and neonatal cells. Thus, these age-related variations in normal values must be appreciated to define the physiology of the perinatal period and to recognize disease. In this chapter, a brief review of the development of the formed elements during fetal life will be given, followed by a description of the characteristics of the erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets present during perinatal life.


Cord Blood Newborn Infant Mononuclear Phagocyte Human Fetus Phosphoglycerate Kinase 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald G. Strauss
    • 1
  • Alvin M. Mauer
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Jude Children’s Research HospitalMemphisUSA

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