A Graphic Approach to Understanding Intrapersonal Processes

  • Howard Wishnie


Many persons fail to understand the role of their emotions and defenses in the origin of their own behavior. Frequently, the person with a destructive character disorder is unaware of the causes of his actions. He reacts without thought. Because of this lack of personal awareness, he can remain free of the anxiety, depression, and panic that are related to his internal doubts and conflicts. He tends to explain his behavior solely in terms of superficial and external circumstances. Such explanations absolve him of any personal responsibility for failure.


External View Negative Belief Internal Motivation Internal View External Circumstance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard Wishnie
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard Medical SchoolCambridge HospitalUSA

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