Role of Radioimmunoassay in the Cardiac Patient—Principles and Applications

  • Fuad S. Ashkar
Part of the Topics in Cardiovascular Disease book series (TCAD)


The English physician William Withering introduced digitalis therapy for the management of cardiac disorders around 200 years ago. Although the crude preparations were effective in heart failure, they were accompanied by gastrointestinal upset, visual disturbances, and often death. The dangers associated with digitalis therapy have continued to plague physicians until the present day, since they have had to contend with the narrow margin that exists between beneficial dosage and dosage resulting in toxicity, the variations in tolerance, absorption, excretion, sensitivity, and the lack of a sensitive assay for monitoring the drug blood and tissue levels.


Nuclear Cardiology Cardiac Disorder Digoxin Level Digoxin Toxicity Crude Preparation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuad S. Ashkar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Miami School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial HospitalMiamiUSA

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