Advertisement

Long — Term Adjustment and Adaptation Mechanisms in Severely Burned Adults

  • N. J. C. Andreasen
  • A. S. Norris
Part of the Current Topics in Mental Health book series (CTMH)

Abstract

Hundreds of thousands of people suffer from thermal burns each year in the United States. Prior to the development of modern treatments such as sulfamylon, silver nitrate, and sophisticated supportive measures, those with severe and mutilating burns usually died. Now many of these patients survive. To be burned is an intensely traumatic experience—catastrophic, painful, deforming, debilitating, and even dirty, because of the invariable presence of infection. Further, the burn victim, unlike most other victims of trauma, must continue to wear the badge of his trauma for the rest of his life.

Keywords

None None Adjustment Problem Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Severe Burn Phobic Neurosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Adler, A. Neuropsychiatric complications in victims of Boston;s Cocoanut Grove disaster.J.A.M. A., 1943,123,1098–1101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andreasen, N. J. C., Norris, A. S., & Hartford, C. E. Incidence of long-term psychiatric complications in severely burned adults. Annals of Surgery, 1971, 174, 785–793.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cobb, S. & Lindemann, E. Symposium on management of Cocoanut Grove burns at Massachusetts General Hospital. Annals of Surgery, 1943, 117, 814–824.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Erikson, E. H. Identity: Youth and crisis. New York: W. W. Norton. Pp. 16–19.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hamburg, D. A., Artz, G. P., Reiss, E., Amspacher, W. H., & Chambers, R. E. Clinical importance of emotional problems in the care of patients with burns. New England Journal of Medicine, 1953, 248, 355–359.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hamburg, D. A., Hamburg, B., & deGoza, S. Adaptive problems and mechanisms in severely burned patients. Psychiatry, 1953, 16, 1–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Holter, J. C., & Friedman, S. B. Etiology and management of severely burned children. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 1969,118,680–686.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lewis, S. R. Goolishian, H. A., Wolf, C. W., Lynch, J. B., & Blocker, T. G. Psychologic studies in burn patients. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 1963, 31, 323–332.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Long, R. T., & Cope, O. Emotional problems of burned children. New England Journal of Medicine, 1961, 264, 1121 -1127.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    MacGregor, F. C., Abel, T. M., Brut, A., Lauer, E., & Weissmann, S. Facial deformities and plastic surgery: A psychosocial study. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas, 1953.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Martin, H. L. Parents’ and children’s reactions to burns and scalds in children. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 1970, 43, 183–191.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vigliano, A., Hart, L. W., Singer, F. Psychiatric sequelae of old burns in children and their parents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 1964,34,753–761.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Weisz, A. E. Psychotherapeutic support of burned patients. Modern Treatment, 1967, 4, 1291–1303.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Woodward, J. M. Emotional disturbances of burned children. British Medical Journal, 1959, 1, 1009–1013.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. J. C. Andreasen
    • 1
  • A. S. Norris
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Iowa College of MedicineIowa CityUSA

Personalised recommendations