Individual Differences: Extraversion
As we have pointed out in the first chapter, the early German workers implicitly (and sometimes explicitly) introduced the concept of individual differences into their discussions; they found it impossible to account for the peculiarities of individual protocols without postulating (often ad hoc) personality qualities which might explain such departures from expectation. It would be easy to read too much into these early efforts; there is little there of systematic theorizing regarding the influence of personality on reminiscence. Nevertheless, what is noticeable is the marked contrast present in these early accounts as compared with the later, largely American work, where the very mention of “personality” would have been regarded as an anathema. This early interest in normal variations in personality, and the possibility that they might account for individual differences in reminiscence, was matched by an interest in the possibilities of “work curves” and reminiscence being used with psychiatrically abnormal groups as diagnostic measures, or as indicants of the severity of illness. These two strands, concern with normal personality and interest in abnormal behavior, became the focus of attention in a large-scale research program which has been pursued at the Institute of Psychiatry for a period of some twenty years. In this chapter we shall be dealing with studies using normal personality variates as the independent variable; we shall deal with abnormal and psychiatric conditions in the next chapter.1
KeywordsRest Interval Reactive Inhibition Work Period Consolidation Theory Inhibition Hypothesis
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