The Beginning of Investigations on a Grand Scale
Apart from Thorndike (1913), few American experimentalists paid much attention to the interesting phenomena unearthed by Kraepelin and his students, and indeed little work was done on nonverbal reminiscence until the early years following the second World War linked up pursuit-rotor reminiscence with the theoretical system of Hull, which was then very much in the ascendant. Nevertheless, a small number of empirical studies carried out during the years between the two World Wars demonstrated that phenomena similar to those observed by Kraepelin could be obtained on the pursuit rotor, and a small number of writers developed an interest in this field. In addition, there was one notable attempt to develop a theoretical account incorporating these phenomena into a general system, that of Snoddy (1926, 1935); his work gave rise to several empirical studies which attempted to test deductions from his theory (Bell, 1942; Doré & Hilgard, 1937, 1938; Hilgard & Smith, 1942). During the war, much work was done on motor tests (“apparatus tests”) in an effort to improve selection batteries for prospective pilots, navigators, and other air crews (Melton, 1947). Apart from the intrinsic interest of the data collected, this major research effort, although it had severely practical objectives, succeeded in convincing a number of brilliant young experimentalists that much of scientific importance could be discovered in the field of motor skills and their development, and the flowering of research in this field during the immediate post-war years owes much to their influence. These postwar developments will form the basis of our next few chapters; here we will simply outline the developmental story of research up to and including the Army Air Forces Aviation Psychology Program, to give it its full title, and its Research Report No. 4, “Apparatus Tests.”
KeywordsRest Period Secondary Growth Rest Interval Primary Growth Grand Scale
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