Motivation, Mood, and Mental Events
Psychological adaptation is a continuous, time-bound process. People take in information, process it in relation to their goals, build mental schemes for acting on the world around them, act, generate new information, and so on. How well people succeed in coming to terms with their situations depends to an important extent on the ways in which they execute these moment-to-moment steps: which information they choose to process, how they combine it, how accessible they keep it, what other materials and skills they bring to bear on it, and what decisions they arrive at and act upon on the basis of it. These activities will be adaptive insofar as the goals themselves correspond to the requirements of survival. If people notice, store, and think about matters that affect their major interests they can be expected to deal with their environments more effectively than if they do not. Therefore, understanding human adaptation would seem to require among other things understanding the interface between motivational states and cognitive operations. The research described here focuses on this crucial linkage between cognition and motivation, and it probes the disordering of this motivational guidance system during depressed moods.
KeywordsMental Event Thematic Content Current Concern Toggle Switch Thought Content
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Atkinson, J. W. (1964). An Introduction to Motivation. Princeton, N. J.: Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
- Beckett, S. (1968). Stories and Texts for Nothing. New York: Grove.Google Scholar
- Heckhausen, H., and Weiner, B. (1972). The emergence of a cognitive psychology of motivation. In New Horizons in Psychology II (P. C. Dodwell, Ed.). Baltimore: Penguin, pp. 126–147.Google Scholar
- Klinger, E. (1971). Structure and Functions of Fantasy. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Koestler, A. (1964). The Act of Creation. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Miller, N. E. (1944). Experimental studies of conflict. In Personality and the Behavior Disorders (Vol. 1) (J. McV. Hunt, Ed.). New York: Ronald, pp. 431–465.Google Scholar
- Neisser, U. (1967). Cognitive Psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
- Strickland, B. R., Hale, W. D., and Anderson, L. K. (1974). Effect of induced mood states on activity and self reported affect. Paper delivered at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, New Orleans.Google Scholar
- Wessman, A. E., and Ricks, D. F. (1966). Mood and Personality. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
- Weiss, J. M., Glazer, H. I., and Pohorecky, L. A. (1974). Neurotransmitters and helplessness: A chemical bridge to depression? Psychol. Today 8(7), 58–62.Google Scholar