The Moral Justification for Research Using Human Subjects

  • Arthur J. Dyck
  • Herbert W. Richardson


The use of human subjects in research that is of some risk to them is not only morally justifiable but, in certain instances, morally required. Two kinds of considerations lead to this conclusion: the limitations of research with animals and the stringent moral demand to alleviate or eradicate human suffering.


Food Additive Primary User Secondary User Safety Level Moral Norm 
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  1. 8.
    The importance of this distinction has been recognized in the literature. See, for example, Henry K. Beecher, “Experimentation in Man,” J. Am. Med. Assoc., 169, 461–478 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. O. E. Guttentag, “The Problem of Experimentation in Human Beings: II. The Physician’s Point of View,” Science, 117, 207–210 (1953) andGoogle Scholar
  3. Irving Ladimer, “Human Experimentation: Medical Legal Aspects,” New Engl. J. Med., 257, 18–24 (1957). (See Consumer Reports, March 1963.)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur J. Dyck
  • Herbert W. Richardson

There are no affiliations available

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