The Moral Justification for Research Using Human Subjects
The use of human subjects in research that is of some risk to them is not only morally justifiable but, in certain instances, morally required. Two kinds of considerations lead to this conclusion: the limitations of research with animals and the stringent moral demand to alleviate or eradicate human suffering.
KeywordsFood Additive Primary User Secondary User Safety Level Moral Norm
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- O. E. Guttentag, “The Problem of Experimentation in Human Beings: II. The Physician’s Point of View,” Science, 117, 207–210 (1953) andGoogle Scholar