Advertisement

Premartensitic-Martensite Transitions Related to Shape Memory Effect

  • K. Mukherjee
  • M. Chandrasekaran
  • F. Milillo

Abstract

The literature pertaining to premartensitic-martensitic transition is reviewed with special emphasis on the role of premartensitic lattice instability in shape-memory mechanism. A large elastic anisotropy and a low value of the elastic modulus 1/2 (C11-C12) as necessary criteria for the thermoelastic type martensitic transition are scrutinized in light of published and new experimental results. Progressive lattice softening and instability of B2 structure, with respect to the {ll0}<110> shear, approaching the transition temperature are analyzed in terms of martensitic nucleation. Some new experimental results on the premartensitic instabilities in the Ti-Ni alloy, the effect of stress on the x-ray diffraction peaks in the Ti-Ni alloys and some new results of frozen-in lattice instability and omega type premartensitic distortion in a number of splat quenched B2 alloys are presented. The presence of omega type reflection, profuse streaking in electron diffraction patterns and anomalous broadening of (110) x-ray diffraction line indicate a pretransformation instability of the parent phase. These results also suggest a progressive cooperative shear and lattice distortion which produces the final martensitic structure.

Keywords

Martensitic Transformation Electron Diffraction Pattern Shape Memory Effect Parent Phase Splat Quenching 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    L. C. Chang and T. A. Read, Trans. AIME,47, 191 (1951)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. W. Burkart and T. A. Read, Trans. AIME,197, 1516 (1953)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. E. Wang, W. J. Buehler and S. J. Pickart, J. Appl. Phys.,36, 3232 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. K. Birnbaum and T. A. Read, Trans. AIME,218, 662 (1960)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. Nagasawa, Phys. Status Solidi, (A)8 531 (1971)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. J. Wasilewski, Met. Trans.,2, 2973 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Mukherjee, F. Milillo and M. Chandrasekaran, Mat. Sc. and Eng.,14, 143 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. Hornbogen and G. Wassermann, Z. Metallk.,47, 427 (1956)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. M. Wayman, Scripta Met.,5, 489 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. V. Krishnan and L. C. Brown, Met. Trans.,4, 432 (1973)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. V. Krishnan and L. C. Brown, Met. Trans.,4, 1017 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. K. Misra and K. Mukherjee, to be published.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Nagasawa and K. Kwachi, J. Phys. Soc. Japan,30, 296 (1970)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Tas, L. Delaey and A. Deruytterre, Scripta Met.,5, 1117 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    I. A. Arbuzova and L. G. Khandros, Fiz. Met. Metalloved,17, 390 (1964)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Otsuka and K. Schimizu, Scripta Met.,4, 469 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K. Oishi and L. C. Brown, Met. Trans.,2, 1971 (1971)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    N. Nakanishi, Y. Murakami and S. Kachi, Scripta Met.,5, 433 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Miura, S. Maeda and N. Nakanishi, Phil. Mag.,30, 565 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    K. Enami and S. Nenno, Met. Trans.,2, 1487 (1971)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Chandrasekaran and K. Mukherjee, Mat. Sc. and Eng.14, 97Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Nagasawa, J. Phys. Soc. of Japan,30, 1505 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. Enami, S. Nenno and Y. Minato, Scripta Met.,5, 663 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    N. Nakanishi, T. Mori, S. Miura, Y. Murakami and S. Kachi, Phil. Mag.,28, 277 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Delaey, R. V. Krishnan, H. Tas and H. Warlimont, J. Mat. Science,9, 1521 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. M. Wayman and K. Shimizu, Met. Sc. J.,6, 175 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. P. Gupta, A. A. Johnson and K. Mukherjee, Mat. Sc. and Eng.,11, 29 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. P. Gupta, A. A. Johnson and K. Mukherjee, Mat. Sc. and Eng.,11, 43 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    P. Ferraglio, K. Mukherjee and L. S. Castleman, Acta Met.,18, 1067 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. L. Ferraglio and K. Mukherjee, Acta Met.,22, 835 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Chandrasekaran and K. Mukherjee, Mat. Sc. and Eng.,13, 197 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Born, Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc.,36, 160 (1940)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    C. Zener, Phys. Rev.,71, 846 (1947)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    S. Zerinsky, Acta Met.,4, 164 (1956)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. B. Novotny and J. F. Smith, Acta Met.,13, 881 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. Pops and T. B. Massalski, Acta Met.,15, 1770 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    K. Salama and G. A. Alers, J. Appl. Phys.,39, 4857 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    W. D. Robertson, Iron and Steel Inst. Report, London,93, 28 (1965)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    M. Jovanoic, M. E. Brooks and R. W. Smith, Scripta Met.,4, 193 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    G. D. Sandrock, A. J. Perkins and R. F. Hehemann, Met. Trans.,2, 2769 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    L. Kaufman and M. Cohen, Trans. AIME,206, 1393 (1956)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    L. Kaufman and M. Cohen, Prog. Metal Phys.,7, 165 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    A. J. Perkins, Ph.D. Thesis, Case Western Reserve Univ., 1969Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    F. E. Wang, S. J. Pickart and H. A. Alperin, J. Appl. Phys.,43, 97 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    K. Mukherjee and P. Ferraglio, Fizika, 2, Sup.2, 27. 1 (1970)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    H. Livingston and K. Mukherjee, J. Appl. Phys.,43, 4944 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    P. Jongenburger, Conf. Phys. Basis Temp., Paris,47, 41 (1955)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    J. M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons, ( Clarendon Press, Oxford ), 1963Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    D. P. Dautovich and G. R. Purdy, Can. Met. Quart.,4, 129 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    C. M. Wayman, I. Cornelis and K. Shimizu, Scripta Met.,6, 115 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    R. J. Wasilewski, Trans. AIME,233, 1691 (1965)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    R. R. Hasiguti and K. Iwasaki, J. Appl. Phys.,39, 2182 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    S. Spinner and A. G. Rozner, J. Acoust. Soc. of Amer.,40, 1009 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    R. F. Bunshah and R. F. Mehl, Trans. AIME,197, 1251 (1953)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    K. Mukherjee, Trans. AIME,242, 1495 (1968)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    M. J. Marcinkowski, A. S. Sastri and D. Koskinaki, Phil. Mag.,18, 945 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    R. Scholl, D. J. Larson and E. J. Freise, J. Appl. Phys.,39, 2186 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    F. E. Wang, W. J. Buehler and S. J. Pickart, J. Appl. Phys.,36, 3232 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    A. Nagasawa, T. Maki and J. Kakinoki, J. Phys. Soc. Japan,26, 1560 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    A. Nagasawa, J. Phys. Soc. Japan,29, 1386 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    S. P. Gupta, A. A. Johnson and K. Mukherjee, J. Phys. Soc. Japan,31, 605 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    D. B. Masson, Trans. AIME,218, 94 (1960)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    M. J. Duggin and W. A. Rachinger, Acta Met.,12, 529 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    M. J. Duggin and W. A. Rachinger, Acta Met.,12, 1015 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Z. Nishiyama and S. Kajiwara, Jap. Jour. of Appl. Phys.,2, 478 (1963)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    P. R. Swann and H. Warlimont, Acta Met.,11, 511 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    S. Dash and N. Brown, Acta Met.,14, 595 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    J. B. Cohen, R. Hinton, K. Lay and S. Sass, Acta Met.,10, 894 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    P. Ferraglio, Ph.D. Thesis, Polytechnic Inst. of Brooklyn, N. Y. (1972)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    M. Chandrasekaran and K. Mukherjee, to be published.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    R. S. Toth and H. Sato, Acta Met.,16, 413 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    H. Tas, L. Delaey and A. Deruyttere, J. Less-Comm. Met.,28, 141 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    H. Kubo and K. Hirano, Acta Met.,21, 1669 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    L. Delaey, J. Van Paenel and T. Struyve, Scripta Met.,6, 507 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    M. S. Wechsler, D. S. Lieberman and T. A. Read, Trans. AIME,197, 1503 (1953)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    J. S. Bowles and J. K. Mackenzie, Acta Met.,2, 199 (1954)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    A. J. Perkins, G. Sandrock and R. F. Hehemann, Met. Trans.,2, 2769 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    R. F. Hehemann and G. Sandrock, Scripta Met.,5, 801 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    D. Gupta, D. S. Lieberman and D. Lazarus, Phys. Rev.,153, 863 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    L. Delaey, A. J. Perkins and T. B. Mossalski, J. Mat. Sci.,7, 1197 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    H. Warlimont, Proc. Sixth International Congress for Electron Microscopy, Kyoto, 437 (1966)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    J. A. Malcolm and G. R. Purdy, Trans. AIME,239, 1391 (1967)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    E. B. Howbolt and T. B. Massalski, Met. Trans., 1, 2315 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Z. Nishiyama, H. Morikawa and K. Shimizu, Jap. J. of Appl. Phys.,6, 815 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    H. Morikawa, K. Shimizu and Z. Nishiyama, Trans. Jap. Inst. of Met.,8, 145 (1967)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York  1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Mukherjee
  • M. Chandrasekaran
    • 1
  • F. Milillo
  1. 1.Polytechnic Institute of New YorkBrooklynUSA

Personalised recommendations