Mechanisms for Martensite Formation and the Shape Memory Effect

  • S. Mendelson


In addition to their technical potential pseudoelasticity and shape memory involve various interrelated effects which manifest themselves in the atomic motions between states. The phenomenological theories of Wechsler, Lieberman and Reed (W-L-R) (1), and Bowles and Mackenzie (B-M) (2), for the crystallography of martensitic transformations were formulated some twenty years ago and have since been applied to various alloys and to studies of pseudoelasticity and the shape memory effect. As is characteristic of most phenomenological theories in physics, discrepancies often exist; well known examples are the findings of different kinds of martensite in the same alloy and sometimes in the same safnple, and often with a variable internal structure. In ferrous martensites the habits show wide scatter in the region of {3,10,15}, and habits found near {225} and {111} are not predicted by the theory. Some of the scatter around {3,10,15} are attributed to variations in the twinned structure, while others have been explained by allowing for small dilatations in the product, by changing the elements of the lattice invariant deformation, or by allowing for multiple lattice invariant shears in the product.


Habit Plane Shape Memory Effect Martensite Plate Martensite Formation Single Shear 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York  1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Mendelson
    • 1
  1. 1.The City University of New York Research FoundationThe City College of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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