Advertisement

An in Vitro Assay for Retinotectal Specificity

  • Stephen Roth
  • Richard B. Marchase
Part of the Current Topics in Neurobiology book series (CTNB)

Abstract

The acquisition of form by developing organisms was one of the first biological problems considered by man. Despite this early start, however, biochemical analyses of morphogenetic movements have lagged far behind those of other biological specialities such as physiology and genetics. The lack of information about morphogenesis at the molecular level is directly attributable to the lack of information at the cell and tissue levels. It is only recently that we have come to understand that morphogenetic movements are the results of cellular properties and not of external forces of unknown origins that work their ways on cells like the wind on trees.

Keywords

Retinal Cell Optic Tectum Neural Retina Morphogenetic Movement Retinal Axon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, L. E., 1937, An experimental study of the role of optic cup and overlying ectoderm in lens formation in the chick embryo, J. Exp. Zool. 75: 41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barbera, A. J., 1975, Adhesive recognition between developing retinal cells and the optic tecta of the chick embryo, Dev. Biol. 46: 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barbera, A. J., Marchase, R. B., and Roth, S., 1973, Adhesive recognition and retinotectal specificity, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 2482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bray, D., and Bunge, M. B., 1973, The growth cone in neurite extension, in: Locomotion of Tissue Cells (Ciba Foundation Symposium 14), pp. 195–209, Associated Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  5. Carter, S. B., 1965, Principles of cell motility: The direction of cell movement and cancer invasion, Nature (London) 208: 1183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crossland, W. J., Cowan, W. M., and Rogers, L. A., 1975, Studies on the development of the chick optic tectum, Brain Res. 91: 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Curtis, A. S. G., 1967, The Cell Surface: Its Molecular Role in Morphogenesis, Logos Press, London, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  8. DeLong, R. G., and Coulombre, A. J., 1965, Development of the retinotectal topographical projection in the chick embryo, Exp. Neurol. 13: 351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dorsey, J. K., and Roth, S., 1973, Adhesive specificity in normal and transformed mouse fibroblasts, Dev. Biol. 33: 249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fujita, S., and Horii, M., 1963, Analysis of cytogenesis in chick retina by tritiated thymidine autoradiography, Arch. Histol. Jpn. 23: 359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gaze, R. M., and Keating, M. J., 1972, The visual system and “neuronal specificity,” Nature (London) 237: 375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goldberg, S., 1974, Studies on the mechanics of development of the visual pathways in the chick embryo, Dev. Biol. 36: 24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Holtfreter, J., 1939, Tissue affinity, a means of embryonic morphogenesis, translated in: Foundations of Experimental Embryology (B. H. Willier and J. M. Oppenheimer, eds.), pp. 186–225, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1964.Google Scholar
  14. Hunt, R. K., and Jacobson, M., 1974, Neuronal specificity revisited, Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 8: 203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jacobson, M., 1970, Developmental Neurobiology, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Levine, R. L., and Cronly-Dillon, J. R., 1974, Specification of regenerating retinal ganglion cells in the adult newt, Triturus cristatus, Brain Res. 68: 319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Marchase, R. B., Barbera, A. J., and Roth, S., 1975, A molecular approach to retinotectal specificity, in: Cell Patterning (Ciba Foundation Symposium 15 ), Associated Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  18. McClay, D. R., and Baker, S. R., 1975, A kinetic study of embryonic cell adhesion, Dev. Biol. 43: 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moscona, A. A., 1965, Recombination of dissociated cells and the development of cell aggregates, in: Cells and Tissues in Culture ( E. N. Willmer, ed.), pp. 489–529, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Roseman, S., 1970, The synthesis of complex carbohydrates by multiglycosyltransferase systems and their potential function, Chem. Phys. Lipids 5: 270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Roth, S., 1968, Studies on intercellular adhesive selectivity, Dev. Biol. 18: 602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Roth, S., 1973, A molecular model for cell interactions, Q. Rev. Biol. 48: 541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Roth, S., and Weston, J., 1967, The measurement of intercellular adhesion, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 58: 974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Roth, S., McGuire, E. J., and Roseman, S., 1971a, An assay for intercellular adhesive specificity, J. Cell Biol. 51: 525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roth, S., McGuire, E. J., and Roseman, S., 1971b, Evidence for cell-surface glycosyltransferases: Their potential role in cellular recognition, J. Cell Biol. 51: 536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sperry, R. W., 1963, Chemoaffinity in the orderly growth of nerve fiber patterns and connections, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 50: 703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Steinberg, M., 1964, The problem of adhesive selectivity in cellular interactions, in: Cellular Membranes in Development ( M. Locke, ed.), pp. 321–366, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Stone, L. S., 1950, Neural retina degeneration followed by regeneration from surviving retinal pigment cells in grafted adult salamander eyes, Anat. Rec. 106: 89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. van Wezel, A. L., 1973, Microcarrier cultures of animal cells, in: Tissue Culture Methods and Applications ( P. F. Kruse, Jr., and M. K. Patterson, Jr., eds.), pp. 372–377, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  30. Vosbeck, K., and Roth, S., 1976, in preparation.Google Scholar
  31. Walther, B. T., Ohman, R., and Roseman, S., 1973, A quantitative assay for intercellular adhesion, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 1569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Weiss, P., 1947, The problem of specificity in growth and development, Yale J. Biol. Med. 19: 235.Google Scholar
  33. Wilson, H. V., 1907, On some phenomena of coalescence and regeneration in sponges, J. Exp. Zool. 5: 245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Roth
    • 1
  • Richard B. Marchase
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations