Problems Concerning the Structure of Consciousness

  • Karl H. Pribram


While still in the practice of neurosurgery, I was called one day to consult on a case some 200 miles distant. A 14-year-old girl had fallen from a rapidly moving automobile when its rear door inadvertently opened. She had lacerated her scalp badly, and, when the emergency procedures to stop the bleeding were accomplished, I was called, because the family physician was afraid that the patient’s head injury would become exacerbated by the additional trauma of a long trip by ambulance. I was informed that the girl’s condition was critical and that everyone feared she was moribund.


Motor Cortex Brain State Mach Band Morphogenetic Field Rear Door 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ashby, W. R. (1960): Design for a Brain: The Origin of Adaptive Behaviour. New York: John Wiley & Sons, ( 2nd ed. )CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barrett, T. W. (1968): The relation between mind and brain. Confin. Psychiatr. 11, 133–153.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bekesy, G. (1967): Sensory Inhibition. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Berkeley, G. (1904): Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous. Chicago: Open Court.Google Scholar
  5. Bernstein, N. (1967): The Co-ordination and Regulation of Movements. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  6. Brentano, F. (1960): The Distinction between mental and physical phenomena. In: Realism and the Background of Phenomenology. Ed. by R. M. Chisholm. New York: The Free Press, pp. 39–61.Google Scholar
  7. Bridgeman, B. (1971): Metacontrast and lateral inhibition. Psychol. Rev. 78, 528–539.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brown, G. S. (1972): Laws of Form. New York: The Julian Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  9. Bucy, P. C. and Pribram, K. H. (1943): Localized sweating as part of a localized convulsive seizure. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 50, 456–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Campbell, F. F. (1974): Transmission of spatial information through visual systems. In: The Neurosciences: Third Study Program. Ed. by F. O. Schmitt and F. G. Worden, Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. Campbell, F. W., Cooper, G. F. and Enroth-Cugell, C. (1969): The spatial selectivity of the visual cells of the cat. J. Physiol. 203, 223–235.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Campbell, F. W., and Robson, J. G. (1968): Application of Fourier analysis to the visibility of gratings. J. Physiol. 197, 551–566.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Cassirer, E. (1966): The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms. Vol. 3: The Phenomenology of Knowledge. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cornsweet, T. N. (1970): Visual Perception. New York: Academic Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  15. Evarts, E. V. (1967): Representation of Movements and Muscles by Pyramided Tract Neurons of the Precentrai Motor Cortex. In: Neurophysiological Basis of Normal and Abnormal Motor Activities. Ed. by M. D. Yahr and D. R. Purpura, Hewlett, New York: Raven Press.Google Scholar
  16. Gabor, D. (1948): A new microscopic principle. Nature 161, 777–778.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gallup, Jr., G. G. (1970): Chimpanzees: self-recognition. Science 167, 86–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hume, D. (1888): A Treatise of Human Nature. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  19. Keys, J. (1972): Only Two Can Play This Game. New York: The Julian Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  20. Langer, S. K. (1951): Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art. New York: Mentor Books.Google Scholar
  21. McFarland, D. (1971): Feedback Mechanisms in Animal Behaviour. New York: Academic Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  22. Mackay, D. M. (1956): The epistemological problem for automata. In: Automata Studies. Ed. by C. E. Shannon and J. McCarthy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, pp. 235–252.Google Scholar
  23. Malis, L. I., Pribram, K. H., and Kruger, L. (1953): Action potentials in “motor” cortex evoked by peripheral nerve stimulation. J. Neurophysiol. 16, 161–167.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Piaget, J. (1960): The Child’s Conception of the World. Paterson, New Jersey: Littlefield Adams and Company.Google Scholar
  25. Pollen, D. A. (1971): How does the striate cortex begin the reconstruction of the visual world? Science 173, 74–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pollen, D. A. (1974): The striate cortex and the spatial analysis of visual space. In: The Neurosciences: Third Study Program. Ed. by F. O. Schmitt and F. G. Worden, Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  27. Pribram, K. H. (1966): Some Dimensions of Remembering: Steps toward a neuropsychological model of memory. In: Macromolecules and Behavior. Ed. by J. Gaito. New York: Academic Press, Inc., pp. 165–187.Google Scholar
  28. Pribram, K. H. (1969): The neurobehavioral analysis of limbic forebrain mechanisms: revision and progress report. In: Advances in the Study of Behavior. Ed. by D. S. Lehrman, R. A. Hinde and E. Shaw, New York: Academic Press, Inc., pp. 297–332.Google Scholar
  29. Pribram, K. H. (1971a): The realization of mind. Synthese 22, 313–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pribram, K. H. (1971b): Languages of the Brain: Experimental Paradoxes and Principles in Neuropsychology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.Google Scholar
  31. Pribram, K. H. (1972): Neurological notes on knowing. In: The Second Banff Conference on Theoretical Psychology. Ed. by J. Royce, New York: Gordon and Breach, pp. 449–480.Google Scholar
  32. Pribram, K. H. (1974): How is it that sensing so much we can do so little? The Neurosciences. Cambridge: MIT Press, 249–261.Google Scholar
  33. Pribram, K. H., Baron, R. and Nuwer, M. (1974): The holographic hypothesis of memory structure in brain function and perception. In: Contemporary Developments in Mathematical Psychology. Ed. by R. C. Atkinson, D. H. Krantz, R. C. Luce and P. Suppes. San Francisco: W. H. FreemanGoogle Scholar
  34. Pribram, K. H., Kruger, L., Robinson, F. and Berman, A. J. (1955–56): The effects of precentrai lesions on the behavior or monkeys. Yale J. Biol. & Med., 28, 428–443.Google Scholar
  35. Ratliff, F. (1965): Mach Bands. San Francisco: Holden Day.Google Scholar
  36. Russell, B. (1959): My Philosophical Development. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  37. Ryle, G. (1949): The Concept of Mind. New York: Barnes and Noble.Google Scholar
  38. Spitz, R. A. (1946): The smiling response: a contribution to the ontogenesis of social relations. Genet. Psychol. Monogr. 34, 57–125.Google Scholar
  39. Spitz, R. A. (1957): No and Yes: On the Genesis of Human Communication. New York: International Universities Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  40. Wall, P. D. and Pribram, K. H. (1950): Trigeminal neurotomy and blood pressure responses from stimulation of lateral cerebral cortex of Macaca mulatta. J. Neurophysiol. 13, 409–412.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Whitehead, A. N. and Russell, B. (1927): Principia Mathematica. Vol. 1, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Wittgenstein, L. (1922): Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl H. Pribram
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations