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Ontogeny of the Fetal Membranes and Placenta

Their Bearing on Primate Phylogeny
  • W. Patrick Luckett

Abstract

The mammalian placenta is usually defined as “an apposition or fusion of the fetal membranes to the uterine mucosa for physiological exchange” (Mossman, 1937), and this definition is equally true for the placenta established independently within several genera of reptiles. Mammalian placentation is initiated by the attachment of the blastocyst to the uterine endometrium and is terminated by the delivery of the newborn at the time of parturition. In spite of its relatively brief life-span during the ontogeny of the individual, the placenta is the most important and most physiologically complex organ during intrauterine development. During its life history it performs functions analogous to those of the lung, intestine, kidney, liver, and, in some species, it is involved in endocrine functions comparable to those of the pituitary and gonads.

Keywords

Fetal Membrane Embryonic Disc Chorioallantoic Placenta Placental Disc Derive Character State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Patrick Luckett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, School of MedicineCreighton UniversityOmahaUSA

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