A Comparison of Population Distance and Population Structure Techniques
A number of papers in this symposium “have focused upon the relative theoretical merits of the “population distance” and “population structure” approaches to local human variation. The blood polymorphic, anthropometric, and migrational information collected from 18 south-central Bougainville villages are, at this date, the only data set analyzed by both sorts of techniques (FRIEDLAENDER et al. 1971, FRIEDLAENDER 1971), and the different applications illustrate in a practical way the different aims, as well as the different merits and problems, of the two approaches. Here I would like to review the different sorts of conclusions the techniques have provided, and then present some new analyses from the population structure vantage point.
KeywordsPopulation Structure Language Group Kinship Coefficient Population Distance Structure Technique
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