A Comparison of Population Distance and Population Structure Techniques

  • Jonathan S. Friedlaender


A number of papers in this symposium “have focused upon the relative theoretical merits of the “population distance” and “population structure” approaches to local human variation. The blood polymorphic, anthropometric, and migrational information collected from 18 south-central Bougainville villages are, at this date, the only data set analyzed by both sorts of techniques (FRIEDLAENDER et al. 1971, FRIEDLAENDER 1971), and the different applications illustrate in a practical way the different aims, as well as the different merits and problems, of the two approaches. Here I would like to review the different sorts of conclusions the techniques have provided, and then present some new analyses from the population structure vantage point.


Population Structure Language Group Kinship Coefficient Population Distance Structure Technique 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. ALLEN, J. and C. HURD. (N.D.) Languages of the BougainvilLe District. Summer Institute of Linguistics, Ukarumpa, New Guinea.Google Scholar
  2. FRIEDLAENDER, J. S. 1969. Biological divergences over population boundaries in south-central Bougainville. Ph.D. thesis. Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  3. FRIEDLAENDER, J. S. 1971. The population structure of soutth-central Bougainville. Am. J. Plays. Anth. 35:13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. FRIEDLAENDER, J. S. 1971b. Isolation by distance in Bougaün-ville. Proa. Nat. Acad. Sci. 68:704–707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. FRIEDLAENDER, J. S., L. A. Sgaramella-Zonta, K. K. Kidd, L. Y. C. LAI, P. Clark and R. J. Walsh. 1971. Biological divergences in south-central Bougainville. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 23:253–270.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. HARPENDING, H. 1971. Inference in Population Structure studies. Letter to the Editor. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 23:536–538.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. HOLT, S. B. 1968. The Genetics cf Dermal Ridges. Charles Thomas, Springfield, Illinois.Google Scholar
  8. IMAIZUMI, Y. and N. E. MORTON. 1970. Isolation by distance in artificial populations. Genetics 66:569–582.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. MALECOT, G. 1948. Les mathématiques de l’hérédité. Mass on, Paris.Google Scholar
  10. MORTON, N. E. 1970. Population structure. In: Computer Applications in Genetics. Edited by N. E. Morton, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, pp. 61–68.Google Scholar
  11. MORTON, N. E. 1971. Inference in population structure studies. Letter to the Editor. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 23:538–539.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. MORTON, N. E. and D. GREENE. 1971. Pingelap and Mokil Atolls: Anthropometrics. MS.Google Scholar
  13. MORTON, N. E., C. MIKI and S. YEI. 1968. Bioassay of population structure under isolation by distance. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 20:411–419.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. OLIVER, D. L. 1955. Solomon Islands Society. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan S. Friedlaender
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations