Photosynthesis and Some Problems of Evolution of Biological Systems
According to the Oparin evolutionary theory of the origin and development of life (1), the appearance of photosynthesis on the Earth was the result of preceding biological evolution and was a turning point in the transition from anaerobic to aerobic life. In this connection, it would seem of interest to analyze some features of the photoautotrophic mode of metabolism as a stage in the evolution of bioenergetic systems, which included the structures and complexes of the catalytic mechanisms of evolutionally earlier heterotrophic organisms. On the other hand, a study of present-day forms of autotrophic organisms may cast light on the historical development of the phototrophic mode of metabolism that passed through a number of interconnected stages during biological evolution.
KeywordsElectron Flow Electron Transfer Chain Intermediate Carrier Bioenergetic System Electron Pool
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