Condensation Reactions of Lysine in the Presence of Polyadenylic Acid
Since the existence of life depends upon the genetic code, an understanding of the code’s origins and evolution is crucial to the understanding of how life began. Recent discussions (1–6) have dealt with amino acid and nucleic acid abiogeneses and how these may have been coupled to give rise to the genetic code. The papers of Crick (6) and Orgel (7) contain detailed theoretical analyses of the problem. One of the conclusions presented was that there may have been prebiological polynucleotides with catalytic properties. There are presently two extreme views on the origin of the genetic code, one that an amino acid’s codon resulted from a direct interaction between the amino acid and its codon, and the other that the assignment of a codon to a particular amino acid was purely arbitrary. Since the theory that the codon assignments are “accidental” is not subject to experimental verification, the case would seem to rest on proving or disproving the “direct interaction” hypothesis.
KeywordsGenetic Code Condensation Reaction Biochemical Evolution Carbonyl Carbon Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Calvin, M.,“Chemical Evolution,” pp. 162–183, Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford, 1969.Google Scholar
- 2.Saxinger, C., and Ponnamperuma, C., paper presented at the Fourth International Symposium on the Origin of Life, Barcelona, Spain, June 24–28, 1973.Google Scholar
- 5.Jukes, T. H., in “Prebiotic and Biochemical Evolution” (Kimball, A. P., and Oró, J., eds.), p. 122, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1971.Google Scholar
- 8.Busch, H., “Histones and Other Nuclear Proteins,” Academic Press, New York, 1965.Google Scholar
- 13.Schroder, E., and Liibke, K., “The Peptides” Vol. I, Academic Press, New York and London, 1965.Google Scholar
- 14.Barras, B. C., and Elmore, D. T., J. Chem. Soc., 4830 (1957).Google Scholar
- 15.Curraghand, E. F., and Elmore, D. T., J. Chem. Soc., 2948 (1962).Google Scholar