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Film Waveguides and Zig Zag Waves

  • P. K. Tien

Abstract

Film-waveguides are the basic structures for both the passive and active devices in integrated optical circuits. The physical principles involved in these waveguides and other related thin-film structures, coupled with those of the modern laser electronics, form the foundation of this new and exciting field of integrated optics. This lecture is to provide a physical picture of the waves in film-waveguides and of their formation into a waveguide mode. For this, we introduce the concepts of zigzag waves1,2,3 and describe the various properties of such waves based on ray and wave-optics. After having gained some familiarity with these waves, we will show how these concepts can be used advantageously to solve the problems of thin-film optics.

Keywords

Refractive Index Power Flow Waveguide Mode Glass Film Photoresist Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© University of California 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. K. Tien
    • 1
  1. 1.Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedHolmdelUSA

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