Laser Source Considerations in Integrated Optics
With the recent development of low-loss optical fibers(1), there is now considerable interest in the development of integrated optical systems(2) consisting of miniaturized optical components. These include both passive elements such as input and output couplers, thin-film waveguides, etc., and active devices such as modulators, laser sources, etc. In this article, some of the basic considerations related to the development of miniaturized laser sources are discussed. For practical integrated optical systems, such sources will almost have to be solid state devices and most likely in thin-film forms. Our discussion will, therefore, primarily be limited to solid state thin-film lasers.
KeywordsPeriodic Structure Population Inversion Forced Wave Emission Cross Section Gain Constant
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.S. E. Miller, Bell System Tech. J., 48, 2059 (1969).Google Scholar
- 6.W. V. Smith and P. P. Sorokin, The Laser, McGraw Hill Co. (New York, 1966), Eqs. (2–12) and (7–1).Google Scholar
- 10.J. E. Geusic, H. Marcos, and L. G. Van Uitert, Appl. Phys. Letters, 3, 183 (1964).Google Scholar
- 11.E. Snitzer and C. C. Young, in Lasers, Vol. 2, edited by A. K. Levine, M. Dekker, Inc. (New York, 1971).Google Scholar