Through susceptibility to loss by physical treatments to the brain, and by differential sensitivity to metabolic inhibition, memory storage can be seen to pass through a short-term stage, which decays unless built up by the permanent storage process. This distinction between the physiological short and long term storage mechanisms refers only to the physical nature of the memory trace. Short, intermediate and long term memory are also terms used by psychologists to separate out stages in the logical processing of information particularly in verbal learning experiments (Broadbent, 1970, Craik and Lockhart, 1972). The animal experiments reviewed here mostly deal with time intervals longer than the decay of human short term memory and the changing nature of the physical store is not apparent in the threshold for the release of behaviour dependent upon memory. Physiological short term memory probably corresponds to the initial form of storage of information in psychological long term memory.
KeywordsMemory Trace Memory Formation Term Memory Physical Treatment Nerve Impulse
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- GHERKIN, A. 1966 Memory consolidation: probit analysis of retrograde amnesia data. Psychon. Sci. 4: 169–170Google Scholar
- MARK, R.F. 1973 Memory and Nerve Cell Connections. London: Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
- STRUMWASSER, F. 1965 The demonstration and manipulation of a circadian rhythm in a single neuron. In: Circadian Clocks, edited by J. Aschoff, Amsterdam: North-Holland Publ. Co., p 442–462Google Scholar