• M. E. Gibbs
  • R. F. Mark


All animals show longlasting changes in behaviour as a result of individual experience and this adaptability is one of their most striking features. The changes may be abrupt, radical and permanent. In higher animals it seems reasonable to ascribe their ability to change behaviour to the same physiological process that underlies human behavioural change and memory.


Potassium Chloride Memory Formation Retrograde Amnesia Learning Trial Electroconvulsive Shock 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. E. Gibbs
    • 1
  • R. F. Mark
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Behavioural SciencesLa Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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