Evidence has accumulated that peptides influence behavior by acting on various structures in the brain. Peptides derived from the anterior pituitary (ACTH, growth hormone), the intermediate lobe (α-MSH), and the posterior lobe (vasopressin) of the pituitary have been shown to modulate conditioned behavior (DE WIED, 1969). Angiotensin II, a peptide derived from α-2 globulin, is involved in the control of drinking behavior (FITZSIMONS, 1970) and scotophobin, a peptide extracted from the brain, has been claimed to carry specific information (UNGAR et al., 1968).


Passive Avoidance Avoidance Response Avoidance Learning Conditioned Avoidance Passive Avoidance Test 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. de Wied
    • 1
  1. 1.Rudolf Magnus Institute for Pharmacology Medical FacultyUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

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