X-ray Fluorescence

  • G. L. Hendry


The status of chemical analysis by X-ray fluorescence has developed from that of a laboratory curiosity in the decade 1940–50 to its current position as an almost universal method with, according to a recent estimate, over 8000 spectrometers in use throughout the world. The rapid growth and the advances in technique during that time are largely due to post-war developments in vacuum technology and electronics, which not only have replaced pumped X-ray tubes by the more stable sealed versions, but also have led to direct methods of detecting and estimating X-ray photons superseding film based methods. The modern X-ray spectrometer is, therefore, a sophisticated electronic instrument capable of accurate, fully automatic analysis, with obvious potential in on-line process control, as discussed in Chapter 6.


Heavy Element Light Element Scintillation Detector Mass Absorption Coefficient Ratio Standard 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. L. Hendry
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamEngland

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