The vacuum photomultiplier has had a dramatic impact on the field of sensors owing to its ability to detect single photons. The vacuum photomultiplier, however, is a single-picture-element device. The same principle of multiplication has been extended to large-area image sensors by the several forms of image multipliers discussed in Chapter 6. These image multipliers are beginning to service a wide range of applications where the supply of photons is limited.
KeywordsImpact Ionization Energetic Electron High Electric Field Dielectric Breakdown Breakdown Field
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