Coherence and Quantum Optics pp 113-119 | Cite as

# Time Delay Statistics of Photoelectric Emissions: An Experimental Test of Classical Radiation Theory

Conference paper

## Abstract

For many years the photoelectric effect has been taken to provide evidence for the quantum nature of electromagnetic radiation. However, as has been pointed out from time to time[1–3], if the electromagnetic field is treated as a classical, c-number perturbation acting on the bound electron, essentially the same conclusions can be reached as by quantum electrodynamics. For example, photoemission takes place only when the frequency ω is high enough for ℏω to exceed the work function W of the electrons, and the probability of photoemission at time t is proportional to the expectation value of the light intensity I(t) at time t,

$$\hbar {\rm{\omega }} > {\rm{W,}}$$

(1)

$$_{{\text{at time t within }}\Delta {\text{t}} = {\text{constant x < I(t) > }}\Delta {\text{t}}{\text{.}}}^{{\text{photoemission probability}}}$$

(2)

## Keywords

Light Beam Quantum Electrodynamic Photoelectric Effect Counting Interval Dark Counting Rate
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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## References

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*Quantum Mechanics*3rd Ed. ( McGraw- Hill, New York, N.Y., 1955 ) p. 397.MATHGoogle Scholar - 2.L. Mandel, E.C.G. Sudarshan and E. Wolf, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London)
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*The Element of Time in the Photoelectric Effect*, Ph.D. Thesis, Washington University (1969).Google Scholar - 8.See for example, Landau and Lifshitz,
*Non-Relativistic Quantum Mechanics*(Pergamon Press, London, 1958) 1st ed., Section 21, p. 69.Google Scholar - 9.See for example, L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Rev. Mod. Phys.
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## Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1973