An Analytical Appraisal of Energy Transduction Mechanisms

  • R. J. P. Williams

Abstract

The nature of mechanisms and energy profiles for reactions in biological systems is examined. Simple molecular and complex “phase” intermediates are described. The conceptual problems in energy transduction, related to “phase” intermediates are made evident by reference to different facets of the problem—stereochemical changes, charge fluxes, E° changes, and changes in the activities of H2O and H+.

Keywords

Entropy Sulphide Chlorophyll Sodium Chloride Molybdenum 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R. J. P. Williams, J. Theoret. Biol., 1 (1961) 1; 3 (1962) 209; also see Current topics in bioenergetics, D. R. Sanadi (ed.), Vol. 3, Academic Press, New York, 1969, p. 79.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Mitchell, Nature, 191 (1961) 194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. J. P. Williams, Chem. Rev., 56 (1956) 515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. J. P. Williams, in: Electron Transport and Energy Conservation, J. M. Tager, S. Papa, E. Quagliariello and E. C. Slater (eds.), Adriatica Editrice, Bari, 1970, pp. 7, 373.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. C. Slater, in: Electron Transport and Energy Conservation, J. M. Tager, S. Papa, E. Quagliariello and E. C. Slater (eds.), Adriatica Editrice, Bari, 1970, p. 533.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Chance, in: Electron Transport and Energy Conservation, J. M. Tager, S. Papa, E. Quagliariello and E. C. Slater (eds.), Adriatica Editrice, Bari, 1970, p. 551.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Limited 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. P. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Wadham CollegeOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations