Advertisement

A Note on Some Old and Some Possible New Redox Indicators

  • Robert Hill

Summary

Starting with the frequently used dye 2,6-dichloroindophenol some of the chemical properties of the quinonimide class of dyes are described. Consideration of the effects of completing a hetero-sixmembered ring, as in the azine, thiazine and oxazine classes, on the properties of the compounds is suggested as a lead towards the development of some redox indicators perhaps more desirable than the indophenols. This approach developed from a study of the Liebermann nitroso-reaction for phenols. Some properties of the redox indicators which resulted from that work are described in relation to energy transduction in the chloroplast.

Keywords

Methylene Blue Redox Indicator Paraphenylene Diamine Chloroplast Preparation Weak Alkali 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. G. Gibbs, W. L. Hall and W. Mansfield Clark, Supplement No. 69 to the Public Health reports, Washington DC (1928).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. S. Holt and C. S. French, Arch. Biochem., 19 (1948) 368.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Ehrlich, Das Sauerstoff-Bedürfniss des Organismus, Hirschwald, Berlin, 1885, see also “The Requirement of the Organism for Oxygen” tr. editors, in The Collected Papers of Paul Ehrlich, Vol. 1, H. H. Dale, F. Himmelweit and M. Marquardt (eds.), Pergamon Press, 1956, p. 433Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    International Union of Biochemistry: Report of the Commission on Enzymes (1964). (Reprinted in Comparative Biochemistry, Vol. 13, M. Florkin and E. H. Stotz (eds.), 1965, p. 84.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Rohmann and W. Spitzer, Chem. Ber., 28 (1895) 567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Keilin, Proc. R. Soc. London B 104 (1929) 206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W. Mansfield Clark, Oxidation-Reduction Potentials of Organic Systems, Baillière, Tindall and Cox, London, 1960.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. S. G. Barron, J. Biol. Chem. 97 (1932) 287.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Hill, G. R. Bedford and B. R. Webster, J. Chem. Soc. C 1970 478.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Liebermann, Chem. Ber., 7 (1874) 1098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Baeyer and H. Caro, Chem. Ber., 7 (1874) 963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Nietzki, Chemistry of the Organic Dyestuffs, tr. A. Collin and W. Richardson, Gurney and Jackson, London, 1892, p. 165.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Kehrmann, H. Goldstein and P. Tschudi, Helv. Chim. Acta, 2 (1919) 2315.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Goldstein and W. Kopp, Helv. Chim. Acta, 11 (1928) 478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B. R. Webster and G. R. Bedford, personal communication, 1970.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. F. Corbett, J. Chem. Soc. B 1970, 1418.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. E. Good, personal communication, 1971.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. M. Stokes and D. A. Walker, personal communication, 1970.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Brunner and P. Chuit, Chem. Ber., 21 (1888) 249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Beilstein’s Handbuch, 4 Aufl., 6 (1923) 137.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Limited 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of CambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations