Properties of Aromatic Polyamide and Polyamide-Hydrazide Membranes

  • R. McKinneyJr.


The search for new and improved membrane compositions has continued on a large scale since the discovery of cellulose acetate as a desalination membrane by Reid and Breton[1], and subsequent improvements in flux demonstrated by Loeb and Sourirajan [2,3]. Such efforts have generally been rewarded with only modest success, restricted primarily to modifications of cellulose esters.


Cellulose Acetate Reverse Osmosis Cellulose Ester Aromatic Polyamide Membrane Reverse Osmosis 
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  1. 1.
    C. E. Reid and E. J. Breton, Jr., J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1, 133 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    S. Loeb and S. Sourirajan, “Sea Water Demineralization by Means of a Semipermeable Membrane,” U.C.L.A. Report 60–60, July, 1960.Google Scholar
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    S. Loeb and F. Milstein, Dechema Monograph., 47, 805 (1962).Google Scholar
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    W. B. Black and J. Preston, Chemstrand Research Center, Inc., unpublished data.Google Scholar
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    R. McKinney, Jr., Analytical Chemistry, 41, 1513 (1969).Google Scholar
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    G. J. Gittens, P. A. Hitchcock, D. C. Sammon, and G. E. Wakley, Desalination, 8, 369 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. McKinneyJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemstrand Research Center, Inc.DurhamUSA

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