The Correlation of Voluntary and Involuntary Memorization

  • A. A. Smirnov
Part of the Monographs in Psychology book series (MOPSY)


What has been said above points to a clear dependence of memorization on the orientation and nature of the activity in which it is performed. The influence of each of these facets of our activity was examined only individually, without correlation with the effect of the other facets of activity. Yet such a comparison is absolutely necessary, since in specific forms of an activity there are possible various combinations of characteristics of some of its facets. Of greatest significance here is the comparison of memorization occurring under conditions of mnemonic orientation but not included in the solution of any intellectual problems with its opposite: mnemonic orientation is absent, but memorization is accomplished as the result of an active, independent solution to any problem.


Free Association Intellectual Activity Narrative Text Explanatory Text Meaningful Connection 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Smirnov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyAcademy of Pedagogical SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Moscow State University and Moscow City Pedagogical InstituteRussia

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