The Model of Open Systems: Beyond Molecular Biology

  • Ludwig von Bertalanffy


Two questions appear to have crystallized in our present Colloquium. First is the question of specialization and generalization. We are all aware that the enormous content, the complex techniques and sophisticated concepts of modern science require specialization. On the other hand, the question arises:Is there nothing common in the sciences—from physics to biology to the social sciences to history—so that the scientific enterprise must remain a bundle of isolated specialities, without connecting link and progressively leading to the type of learned idiot who is perfect in his small field but is ignorant and unaware of the basic problems we call philosophical, and which are of primary concern to man in one of the greatest crises of his history?


Genetic Code Turing Machine Entropy Function Irreversible Thermodynamic General System Theory 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludwig von Bertalanffy
    • 1
  1. 1.State University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

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