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Abstract

The free-living ciliate protozoa are cosmopolitan organisms which can be easily found in streams, rivers, lakes, ponds, and bodies of stagnant water from various parts of the world. It is evident that they can live and reproduce under variable conditions of external environment thanks to highly developed capacity of motor response towards chemical, mechanical, photic, thermal, electric, and gravitional stimuli. The relatively high rate of swimming of the organism and the perception of chemical stimuli ahead of it provide additional advantages for finding favorable living conditions and for avoiding noxious effects in the surrounding medium.

Keywords

Motor Response Forward Movement Chemotactic Response Aboral Side Ciliate Protozoan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Ltd. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Dryl
    • 1
  1. 1.M. Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, Department of Cell BiologyPolish Academy of SciencesWarsaw 22Poland

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