The Basal Body of Bacterial Flagella

  • M. L. DePamphilis


The bacterial flagellum is composed of three structurally defined parts: the filament, the hook, and the basal body. The filament is a long, narrow helical structure composed of the protein flagellin, and comprises approximately 98 per cent of the flagellum’s length. At the proximal end of the filament is a hook-shaped structure whose morphological, chemical, and serological properties are distinct from the filament (Abram et al., 1970; Dimmit and Simon, 1970a; Lawn, 1967). This “hook” enters the cell wall where it is attached to a complex structure called the basal body. The basal body is firmly bound into the cell envelope and is the only part of the flagellum inside the cell wall.


Uranyl Acetate Membrane Vesicle Cytoplasmic Membrane Basal Body Cell Envelope 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abram, D. (1969). Bacteriol. Proc., p. 29.Google Scholar
  2. Abram, D., Koffler, H.,and Vatter, A. E. (1965). J. Bacteriol. 90, 1337.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Abram, D., Mitchen, J. R., Koffler, H., and Vatter, A. E. (1970). J. Bacteriol. 101, 250.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Abram, D., Vatter, A. E., and Koffler, H. (1966). J. Bacteriol. 91, 2045.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Birdsell, D. and Cota-Robles, E. (1968). Biochem. Biophys.Res. Comm. 31, 438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Braun, V. and Schwarz,U. (1969). Soc. Gen. Microbiol. Proc. in J. Gen. Microbiol. 57, iii.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen-Bazire, G. and London, J. (1967). J. Bacteriol. 94, 458.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. DePamphilis, M. L. (1971a). J. Bacteriol 105, 1184.Google Scholar
  9. DePamphilis, M. L. (1971b). J. Virology. 7, 683.Google Scholar
  10. DePamphilis,M. L. and Adler,J. (1971a). J. Bacterid., 105, 376.Google Scholar
  11. DePamphilis,M. L. and Adler,J. (1971b). J. Bacteriol. 105, 384.Google Scholar
  12. DePamphilis, M. L. and Adler, J. (1971c). J. Bacteriol 105, 396.Google Scholar
  13. DePetris, S. (1967). J. Ultrastruct. Res. 19, 45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dimmit, K. and Simon, M. (1970a). Immunity 1, 212.Google Scholar
  15. Dimmit. K. and Simon,M. (1971). J. Bacteriol., 105, 369.Google Scholar
  16. Glauert, A.M., Kerridge,D., and Horne,R.W. (1963). J. Cell Biol. 18, 327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Glauert, A.M. and Thornley, M. J. (1969). Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 23, 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hoeniger, J.F.M., van Iterson, W., and van Zanten,E.N. (1966). J. Cell Biol. 31, 603.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Iino, T. (1969). Bacteriol. Rev. 33, 454.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Iterson, W. van, Hoeniger, J. F.M., and van Zanten, E.N. (1966). J. Cell Biol. 31, 585.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lawn. A.M. (1967). Nature 214, 1151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Morowitz, H. and Terry, T. (1969). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 183, 276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Murray, R. G. E. and Birch-Andersen, A. (1963). Can. J. Microbiol. 9, 393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nauman, R. K., Holt, S. C., and Cox, C. D. (1969). J. Bacteriol. 98, 264.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Osborn, M. J. (1969). Ann. Rev. Biochem. 38, 501.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Remsen, C. C., Watson, S.W., Waterbury.J. B., and Truper, H.G. (1968). J. Bacteriol. 95, 2374.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Ritchie, A. E., Keeler, R. F., and Bryner, J. H. (1966). J. Gen. Microbiol. 43, 427.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Tawara, J. (1965). Jap. J. Microbiol. 9, 49.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Vaituzis, Z. and Doetsch, R. N. (1969). J. Bacteriol. 100, 512.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Ltd. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. DePamphilis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryStanford University Medical CenterPalo AltoUSA

Personalised recommendations