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Introduction and Solvent Properties

  • A. K. Covington
  • T. Dickinson

Abstract

Physical chemists interested in electrolyte solutions have often been accused of being preoccupied with the properties of aqueous solutions. In view of the importance of water as a solvent essential to life, and its abundance on this planet, this attention may be understood if preoccupation is not. On the other hand the term non-aqueous solvents has often been interpreted as meaning various inorganic solvent systems such as those based on the oxides of nitrogen or sulphur, liquid ammonia, hydrogen fluoride and perhaps fused salts. Over the last decade or so, however, considerable interest has been generated in organic non-aqueous solvents particularly new ones like dimethylsulphoxide and propylene carbonate. Organic solvents show a wide range of dielectric constant ranging from that of P-dioxan (2.2) to those exceeding that of water like N-methylacetamide (165). However, the properties of the resulting solutions are not determined simply by the magnitude of the solvent dielectric constant, and attempts have been made recently to steer thoughts away from regarding the bulk solvent simply as a continuum characterised only by its dielectric constant.

Keywords

Dielectric Constant Inorganic Salt High Dielectric Constant Propylene Carbonate Propylene Carbonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Company Ltd 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Covington
    • 1
  • T. Dickinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical ChemistryUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneEngland

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