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Electrokinetic Membrane Processes

  • Milan Bier

Abstract

All membrane processes have the common objectives of fractionation, concentration, and/or purification. The driving forces may be concentration or pressure gradients, as, for example, in dialysis, reverse osmosis, or ultrafiltration. In the present paper we wish to discuss a family of interrelated processes wherein the same objectives are achieved through electrical driving forces. Most important among these is electrodialysis using ion permselective membranes, but we shall omit it from our considerations, its applications being widely known and studied (1). Instead, we shall focus on processes applicable primarily to:
  • Large scale electrophoretic fractionation and concentration.

  • Non-clogging electrofiltration of particulate suspensions.

  • Electroosmotic concentration and desalting of macromolecular systems.

  • Electroadsorption at the membranes in absence of the electroosmotic effect.

Keywords

Slow Component Feed Solution Filter Cake Solid Arrow Membrane Fouling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milan Bier
    • 1
  1. 1.Veterans Administration Hospital and University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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