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Vibrational Studies of Metal-Metal Bonding

  • M. J. Ware

Abstract

The first observation of a metal-metal stretching fundamental was made by Dr. L. A. Woodward1 and it is characteristic that one of his earliest contributions to Raman spectroscopy should now stand as a starting point for surveying a large and rapidly growing area of the subject. In 1934 he demonstrated the diatomic nature of the mercurous ion by detecting an intense line at 169 cm-1 in the Raman spectrum of aqueous mercurous nitrate. However, only in recent years has it become possible to apply the methods of vibrational spectroscopy to other molecules containing metal-metal bonds. By 1966 a handful of compounds had been studied, with the results as summarized in Table 16.1; but in the three years subsequently, over a hundred compounds were examined. The reasons for this sudden growth are readily traced to advances of instrumental technique and the increasingly widespread synthesis of new compounds. It is only since the development of Fourier transform spectroscopy in the far infrared and the excitation of Raman spectra at relatively long wavelengths by lasers that the majority of metal-metal (M-M) bonded compounds have become tractable to study by vibrational spectroscopy.

Keywords

Raman Spectrum Force Constant Raman Line Vibrational Spectroscopy Metal Carbonyl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© A. J. Downs, D. A. Long, L. A. K. Staveley 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Ware

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