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Vibrational Spectroscopic Studies of Complexes in Solution

  • D. N. Waters

Abstract

The area of chemistry which is concerned with the nature and properties of complex ions in solution is one which is remarkable for the great diversity of the experimental methods which have contributed to its development. Many types of investigation have been concerned primarily with the determination of the equilibrium concentrations of species and the deduction of related thermodynamic quantities, such as the enthalpies and entropies of complex formation.1 Other types of study, mainly spectroscopic, have been directed towards the elucidation of structural problems, such as the stereochemistry and bonding properties of particular complexes. Various other techniques have been brought to bear on the questions of ion solvation and interionic interactions in solution.2 In this chapter the applications of the methods of vibrational spectroscopy to the study of solutions containing complex molecules and ions will be discussed. Although the techniques of infrared and Raman spectroscopy have been mainly used, with great success, in their role as tools for the investigation of molecular structure, it will be a principal aim of this chapter to illustrate their increasing importance both for the quantitative study of ionic equilibria, and for the understanding of solvation and ionic interaction phenomena.

Keywords

Raman Spectroscopy Molar Intensity Vibrational Spectroscopy Raman Intensity Complex Cyanide 
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© A. J. Downs, D. A. Long, L. A. K. Staveley 1971

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  • D. N. Waters

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