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Transcultural Patterns of Ritualized Contact Behavior

  • Irenaeus Eibl-Eibesfeldt

Abstract

Man communicates with his fellow man, with speech but also with a number of expression-movements. Whether these signals belong to an innate repertoire of motor patterns which are not learned is a point of controversy. Gehlen is of the opinion that, except perhaps for a few reflexes of the newborn, there are no innate behavior patterns in man [14]. A similar view was expressed by Montagu [21], while Birdwhistell specifically emphasized that there are no inherited facial expressions and gestures in man, and that therefore differences are found transculturally [4,5]. Birdwhistell is very firm about this point, although in his publications concerning cross-cultural evidence he only makes statements.

Keywords

Facial Expression Motor Pattern Deprivation Experiment Song Development Lens Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irenaeus Eibl-Eibesfeldt

There are no affiliations available

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