Physiological Effects of Continued Crowding

  • David E. Davis


During the past decade many studies have considered the effects of crowding on behavioral and physiological phenomena in mammals and birds. However, most of these studies have considered short-term effects and hence the problems associated with prolonged crowding have rarely been considered. This review will consider the information available that might help us to understand the physiological effects of continued crowding. Also, an attempt will be made to put these effects into perspective for the whole life of the individual. Since most of the information available concerns mammals, this review will, with a few exceptions, limit the examples to mammals. The extension of work on mammals to other species, even birds, is questionable since it appears that at least some of the physiological phenomena are entirely different in birds [22].


Physiological Effect House Mouse Social Rank Behavioral Adaptation Physiological Phenomenon 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1971

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  • David E. Davis

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