Indicators of Environmental Quality of Urban Life: Economic, Spatial, Social, And Political Factors

  • Chester Rapkin
  • Robert W. Ponte

Abstract

In a nation that is turning increasingly urban, the quality of the urban environment constitutes a major test of the level of its well-being as a society. The 243 metropolitan areas of the United States now comprise 69% of the nation’s population and are more than ever the center of its economic and cultural life. Although planners and social scientists have long questioned the low priority given to enhancing the urban environment, growing segments of the public share their concern, recognizing glaring deficiencies in their surroundings. The national discussion about priorities in government expenditures is clearly tied to this realization and seeks to redirect government effort toward such pressing areas of domestic need as the improvement of urban development and housing, the health of the people, crime prevention, recreation and education, and environmental pollution, among others.

Keywords

Fatigue Migration Transportation Income Schizophrenia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chester Rapkin
    • 1
  • Robert W. Ponte
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Urban EnvironmentColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Barnard CollegeNew YorkUSA

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