Genetic Engineering of Tree Species
Forests are not only responsible for climatic stability, soil and water, conservation but are also a source of goods and services (including firewood and fodder) to the rural and tribal populations and the timber, pulp and fiber industry. There appears to be a widening gap today between the supply and demand of these materials. With the use of Remote Sensing Technology, the forest cover in India was estimated to be 13.94 percent of the total land mass which has now been revised to 19.52 percent. Out of this only 10.99 percent (35.79 Mha) represents closed forest. However, under the Government of India forest policy of 1952, 33 percent of the land mass should be under forest cover, of which 60 percent has to be in the hills. In order to restore the forest cover to 33 percent (108 Mha), nearly 72.21 Mha of land needs to be brought under tree cover.
KeywordsSomatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Forest Cover Plant Tissue Culture Tree Breeding
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