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Hemoprotozoan Infections of Domestic Animals: Trypanosomiasis, Babesiosis, Theileriosis, and Anaplasmosis

  • Kenneth L. Kuttler
  • Julius P. Kreier

Abstract

Arthropod-transmitted hemoparasitic diseases, caused by Trypanosoma, Babesia, Theileria, and Anaplasma, occur throughout the world but are frequently of greatest importance in the tropics and subtropics, where conditions are favorable to the maintenance of vector populations. Vector control and chemotherapy are the primary defenses against these disease agents. Vaccines that prevent these infections have yet to be developed. The attenuated or live vaccines described for anaplasmosis, babesiosis, and theileriosis often depend on specific therapy to reduce the severity of infection while allowing the development of a premunizing immunity (Kuttler, 1979; Todorovic, 1974; Radley, 1981). Chemotherapy, chemoimmunization, and chemoprophylaxis thus comtinue to play an important role in hemoparasitic disease management and prevention. Even so, chemotherapy is not without problems; drug-resistant microorganisms arise, drug residues in tissues of food animals may be detected and prompt removal of the drug from its approved status, and the cost of drugs may be too high for use by poor farmers. The expense and difficulty in developing new replacement compounds for those no longer used for one reason or another are also a serious problem in the world today.

Keywords

East Coast Fever Bovine Babesiosis Diminazene Aceturate Potassium Aluminum Sulfate Trypanosoma Vivax 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth L. Kuttler
    • 1
  • Julius P. Kreier
    • 2
  1. 1.U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Hemoparasitic Diseases Research UnitWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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