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The Nature of Intelligence

  • H. J. Eysenck
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 14)

Abstract

The theory of intelligence goes back a long way. Plato and Aristotle already separated out cognitive performance from emotional and conative behaviours, and Cicero used the term intelligentia very much in its modern meaning. Spencer revived the term, and together with Sir Francis Galton gave it wide acceptance among educated people in the 19th century. Spearman’s notion of general intelligence or g was essentially based on these foundations, adding only a testable deduction, which in modern terms we would phrase as follows: different measures of intelligence, suitably chosen and applied to random samples of the population, should intercorrelate in such a manner as to produce a matrix of rank 1. In this context “suitably chosen” simply means that the tests should not show undue similarity, but constitute an approximation to a random sample of all possible tests of cognitive ability.

Keywords

Pulse Train Spike Train Assortative Mating General Intelligence Fluid Ability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Eysenck
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PsychiatryLondonEngland

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