Culture, Cognitive Tests and Cognitive Models: Pursuing Cognitive Universals by Testing Across Cultures

  • S. H. Irvine
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 14)


Trends in the use of tests across cultures include stabilizing true-score variance in performance and paper-and-pencil tests. Comparisons across cultures have also been made, but not without controversy, reflecting the lack of consistent theoretical frameworks for defining test scores. Developments in paper and pencil testing during the past twenty years are evaluated. Progress in combining theory and methods so that cognitive function assessment may proceed systematically has been slow. Current work assumes that test scores are complex dependent variables. Preliminary results indicate that independent process variables in established information processing models affect test-score performance. Such independent variables may prove consistent in their effects on test scores from any culture.


Test Score Cultural Variable Cognitive Test Item Difficulty Memory Span 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Irvine
    • 1
  1. 1.Plymouth PolytechnicDevonEngland

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