Development and Modifiability of Adult Intellectual Performance: An Examination of Cognitive Intervention in Later Adulthood

  • Sherry L. Willis
  • Paul B. Baltes
  • Steven W. Cornelius
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 14)


Traditionally, differential and cognitive approaches have emphasized different dimensions of adult intelligence. Differential psychology has sought to represent intellectual functioning in terms of structural models of human abilities (Cattell, 1971; Guilford, 1967). Much of the emphasis in this approach has been on idividual differences in intellectual ability. In contrast, cognitive psychology has focused on identifying the cognitive processes and strategies involved in intellectual functioning (Newell and Simon, 1972; Sternberg, 1977). It has been suggested that cognitive psychology provides a more dynamic approach to the study of intelligence in that the focus is on the processing of information, whereas psychometric ability factors represent static products of cognition.


Intellectual Performance Figural Relation Adult Intelligence Transfer Measure Target Ability 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherry L. Willis
    • 1
  • Paul B. Baltes
    • 1
  • Steven W. Cornelius
    • 1
  1. 1.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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