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Towards a Symbiosis of Cognitive Psychology and Psychometrics

  • Jim Ridgway
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 14)

Abstract

Cronbach (1957) highlighted two distinct traditions of scientific psychology, namely the experimental tradition and the correlational tradition. The paper discusses ways in which the two disciplines can be brought together. Guttman’s (1955) facet analysis is seen as a way of introducing experiments into psychometrics; Newell’s (1973) criticisms of cognitive psychology are reviewed and are seen to be resolvable if more use is made of psychometric methods. The review draws attention to the dominance of static structural models both in cognition and psychometrics. The fusion of the two disciplines is viewed as a relatively small problem compared to that of accounting for subject strategies, and for structural changes which occur over time.

Keywords

Cognitive Psychology Facet Analysis Steady State Process Binary Opposition Psychometric Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Cronbach, L. J. The two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist, 1957, 12, 671–683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Guttman, L. An outline of some new methodology for social research. Public Opinion Quarterly, 1955, 18, 395–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Levy, P. On the relation between test theory and psychology. In P. Klein (Ed.), New Approaches in Psychological Measurement. London: Wiley, 1973.Google Scholar
  4. Newell, A. You can’t play 20 questions with nature and win. In W.G. Chase (Ed.), Visual Information Processing. New York: Academic Press, 1973.Google Scholar
  5. Ridgway, J. New lamps for old: what do you do when predictive validity declines? Proceedings of the Occupation Psychology Conference, 1979a, 17, (Summary).Google Scholar
  6. Ridgway, J. Psychometrics and cognitive psychology. In R. Wood (Ed.), Proceedings of the Social Science Research Council Seminar on Rehabilitating Psychometrics, 1979b.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jim Ridgway
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LancasterLancasterEngland

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